Stem cells are the basic cells of our body, from which arise all other cells, organs and human tissues. The human body has in it more than 200 mature cell types, and each type has its own characteristic and specialized function.
When the baby is born stem cells have completed their basic function of the construction of the baby’s body and remain in the body as a reserve which is used for the restoration and replacement of damaged cells and aging of cells and tissues throughout entire life.
One of the biggest features of stem cells is the ability to repair themselves. Another important feature of stem cells is their ability to turn into any type of cell. This means that they have an amazing ability to not only make more of themselves, but also to create new tissues when they divide and develop.
Their ability to produce different kinds of specialized cells makes them so unique and powerful for modern medical therapy.
Stem cells are found in the umbilical cord, bone marrow and peripheral blood. Stem cells that are found in blood and tissue of the umbilical cord are the youngest, best quality because they are only nine months old and were protected during pregnancy from various diseases. Stem cells are found in umbilical cord blood and completely safe and harmless for the mother and newborn can be extracted. These are young stem cells that were not under the influence of external influences. Therefore, the birth is unique and unrepeatable opportunity to collect stem cells from the blood and tissue of the umbilical cord.
Currently, stem cells are the standard therapy for over 70 different diseases, such as various types of anemia, lymphoma, metabolic disorders and the like. Advances in medicine only wider range of possible therapies in which they may be used in the future. Currently the world is carried out over 4300 clinical studies that promise of successful results to the use of stem cells in the therapy of many other serious diseases such as cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, various types of cancer and other