Microsporosis is most common fungal infection in cats and dog. This disease is specific for the fact that it can be transmitted from animals to humans, and it usually occurs in late summer or early autumn. Microsporosis can be transmitted by direct contact with a sick cat or a dog, but also the carrier of pathogens, which may not have symptoms. This skin disease usually affects to children because their immune systems are not fully developed, and with it, often without control touch and play with cats and dogs.
Microsporosis in cats (less commonly in dogs) is manifested by one or more alopecia or areas without hair on the animal’s body. These skin changes can be round, oval or irregular shape.
There are two forms Microsporosis in humans, depending on the location:
If the scalp is infected, hair in these places waste in circles or oval surfaces or shoot at an altitude 2:00 to 4:00 millimeters above the skin.
In the case of infection of other parts of the body changes occur on the skin in the form of circles with red lifted edge, while the interior of the circle normal color. Also, there is also fine flaking, and in the middle rounds as possible are less crusting. Changes may be accompanied by moderate or severe itching.
In suspected Microsporosis, even in extremely small skin lesions, it is advised to take the animal to the vet as soon as possible. A small, unobtrusive focus may be in the short term turn into many foci of the same kind, not only to stay but also to members of the household.
Microsporosis, which is undoubtedly proven, requires appropriate treatment with the necessary disinfection of premises in which the animals previously visited.
The whole animal is necessary to be bathed with antimycotic shampoos or dilute emulsions at least 4 times a week, at an interval of three days. Already after the second treatment with those shampoos, animals cannot pass the disease.
Local updates can be treated daily and repeatedly antimycotic creams, ointments, lotions and the like.
In the case of greater involvement, it is necessary to wash the animal with antimycotic shampoos. It is sometimes preferable and a haircut, especially long-haired animals.
Treating the whole animal is necessary, not only for large-scale, but also in small, individual changes on the skin.
Microsporosis be successfully treated, both in animals and in humans. After the disappearance of clinical signs of disease or negative laboratory results it is necessary to carry out treatment for another two weeks.