Very few people in the world have reasonable doubts in the dysfunction of the thyroid and therefore seek medical advice. The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped organ located in the lower region of the neck, in front of the trachea. The thyroid produces hormones regulate overall metabolism and the feeling cold and heat, cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal tract, muscles and nervous system. Given such importance to thyroid, it is obvious that any kind of its dysfunction may lead to the varied symptoms.
Although the thyroid problems are among the most common in the world, at the same time such problems are also among the least commonly recognized. It is estimated that around 300 million people worldwide suffer from decreased activity of the thyroid, but only 20 percent of them are treated. The most common thyroid diseases are hypothyroidism (reduced activity of thyroid) and hyperthyroidism (increased activity of the thyroid).
The most common symptoms of any malfunction of thyroid gland are the sense of “lump in the throat”, pressure, swallowing difficulties, hoarseness, chronic cough, shortness of breath in certain positions or in stressful situations and feel uncomfortable when wearing the tie or turtleneck.
Neck check self-examination
It is possible to independently and fairly easy contribute to the early detection of increased thyroid. AACE (American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists) recommends a simple neck check.
For self-examination in just four steps are enough hand mirror and a glass of water:
1.Hang a mirror so you can see the area below the Adam’s apple.
2. Put your head back, while focusing on the specified area.
3. Take a sip of water and swallow.
4. When swallowing, focus on the area in which the thyroid gland is located.
Warning: Be careful not to confuse the natural movement of the Adam’s apple with a swelling of the thyroid, if necessary, re-examine neck several times. If you’re not sure of the results, or if you notice something unusual, consider consulting with your doctor