Burns are some of the most common household accidents. If you get burned, the most important thing is to act in time to minimize the seriousness of the consequences of the burns. Half of the burned person that react late suffers more serious consequences tan the half that react promptly.
Treatment of burns depends the level of the burns. We divide them into:
- First degree burns- caused by brief contact with hot water, steam, hot objects or excessive sunbathing
- Second degree burns- deplete the first and second layer of the skin, causing blisters, redness, or parts with bleached skin
- Third-degree burns (most serious) – require immediate medical attention because they damage all layers of the skin.
Same as second degree burns, they are the result of contact with chemicals, hot liquids or fire. The results of these burns are charred skin and damaged nerves. Patients with these burns must receive fluid, electrolytes and proteins through the infusion. Skin grafting is often the only way of saving the patient because the burned part turns into dead tissue.
How to treat burns
- Put the burned part immediately under running cold water and hold for 10 to 15 minutes while the burning sensation stops. The water cooling slows down the spread of excessive heat in the tissue, thereby decreasing the degree of burns. The sooner you start the cooling, the better.
- Pierce the formed blister with a sterile needle, since the liquid in the blister is heaven for bacteria’s. After that, remove the dead skin. Once you have done that, you can evaluate the seriousness of the burn, if the bottom is pink, the burn is not too heavy, if the bottom is white, and it is a second degree burn.
- If you have multiple blisters, or one that is pretty big, seek for a medical help.
- Stop possible bleeding.
- Apply the ointment for burns in the case of damage of the first degree.
- Cover the wound with sterile gauze bandage or cold.
- Remove the ring, watch, shoes and tight clothing before swelling occurs.
- If the burns are caused by direct contact with chemicals, remove any clothing that has been in contact with the substance and rinse eyes with water.
- Look for medical attention in case of burns of second and third degree.
- Do not remove clothing that is stuck to the burn. Instead, cut the cloth around the wound and remove as much as you can, avoiding the damaged area.
- If you are too exposed to the sun, on cleansed skin, apply aloe vera gel, which will restore hydration and elasticity of traumatized skin. Apply every few hours.
- If you notice that your body temperature is growing, even after minor burns, make sure to seek for professional help.
- Other symptoms that require medical attention are: sharp pain sensation, severe swelling of the burned area or if you notice that the burned place does not seem to heel not even after few days,