Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common disorders in child psychiatry, and it is assumed that three to five percent of school children around the world have this disorder.
ADHD is diagnosed at the age of schoolchildren, because the school environment in which for the first time sets objectives and expected behavior accurately, defined by the school rules. However, many symptoms may be present since the earliest days.
The main symptoms that characterize this disorder are impulsiveness, hyperactivity and attention problems. It is important to notice that symptoms are present in at least two settings in which the child resides (for example, in the house and kindergarten and school), and that their presence interferes with the child in the normal functioning in the family, peer environment or other social situations.
Here are some of the symptoms that are characteristic for ADHD children and fall into the three mentioned groups.
The symptoms of impulsiveness
- The child talks a lot, has a comment for every situation and experience, and/or is behaving as if everything is known.
- It gives answers before the question is asked.
- The child faces problems to wait their turn during meals, games, responses to the task.
- Interruption or intrusion in another word, or is imposed (in communication, game)
Symptoms of hyperactivity
- The child is in constant motion and it seems that it cannot be still
- Leaves seat in situations where it is expected be still.
- Runs around or climbs in situations where it is socially unacceptable or it arises security issues
- Faces difficulties to be quiet game or enjoys leisure activities.
- Is always ready for action, or acts like he is “plugged in”.
The symptoms of attention problems
- The child fails to pay attention to details or makes mistakes due to negligence during the set or other activities.
- Has difficulties in sustaining attention in tasks or play.
- It acts as if it does not listen when he / she directly addresses a parent, educator.
- Does not follow the given instructions and fails to finish the task
- Has problems in organized tasks or activities that involve monitoring specific instructions
- Avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to participate in tasks which require maintenance of attention
- Loses things necessary for tasks or activities
- Easily he is disturbed by external stimuli attention (sound, light, fragrant, touching)
- forgets daily activities, although unintentionally, are difficult to fit into the daily routine, so it should be on it constantly reminded.