If you are planning to go on a vacation or are about to spend a weekend in nature is the right time to get to know all potential dangers that lurk when you exposes excessively to the sun. Sunstroke occurs after prolonged exposure of the head and neck to the sun. Unlike burns caused by excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays, sunstroke is a result of exposure to the sun waves that produce heat. When the body suffers heatstroke, it loses the ability to regulate the internal heat leading to fever, nausea and headaches.
Symptoms of sunstroke
The symptoms are quite horrible: increased heart rate, hyperventilation (rapid breathing), too hot skin, fever, muscle spasms, confusion, dizziness and even hallucinations. In very severe cases of sunburn comes even loss of consciousness, fever and damage to internal organs.
Sunstrokes are more often in the risky groups such as the elderly, children or people with certain health problems.
How to react
If you notice the symptoms of sunstroke, the first thing to do is to get away from the sun. It is necessary to drink plenty of water and take off the clothes so that the body could do the natural process of perspiration. Children are at greater risk than adults so be sure not to be exposing them directly to the sunlight, wear a hat and drink plenty of fluids.
Recovery usually takes between 24 and 48 hours, depending on the severity of the case. In order to speed up the recovery process is necessary to drink more fluids.
Remember, it is better to be safe than sorry. Therefore, try to avoid exposure to the sun during the hottest part of the day from 11:00 to 16:00.